Mental Health

On these pages you can find evidence and resources relating to mental health.

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The Demystifying Health paper introduces the concept of health, reviewing some common understandings of the idea and its usages, introducing key theories and schools of thought. The paper focuses on health in the UK, how it is protected, promoted and improved, and how we assess and measure health.

Mind’s guide to different types of mental health problems and statistics on prevalence, risk factors and treatment availibility

The WHO pages on mental health

NHS pages on mental health

The Mental Health Foundation blog on why nature is important for mental health

Faculty for Public Health’s Public Mental Health Special Interest Group Resources


NICEimpact (2019) report on mental health

NHS (2019) The Community Mental Health Framework for Adults and Older Adults

NHS (2016) Five year forward view for mental health

Faculty of Public Health and Mental Health Foundation. (2016). Better mental health for all: a public health approach to mental health improvement.

World Health Organization. (2014). Social determinants of mental health.

Systematic reviews


Castillo, E. G., Ijadi-Maghsoodi, R., Shadravan, S., Moore, E., Mensah, M. O., Docherty, M., … & Wells, K. B. (2019). Community interventions to promote mental health and social equity. Current psychiatry reports, 21(5), 1-14.

Lean, M., Fornells-Ambrojo, M., Milton, A., Lloyd-Evans, B., Harrison-Stewart, B., Yesufu-Udechuku, A., … & Johnson, S. (2019). Self-management interventions for people with severe mental illness: systematic review and meta-analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 214(5), 260-268.

Nigatu, Y. T., Liu, Y., Uppal, M., McKinney, S., Rao, S., Gillis, K., & Wang, J. (2016). Interventions for enhancing return to work in individuals with a common mental illness: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Psychological medicine, 46(16), 3263-3274.

Modini, M., Tan, L., Brinchmann, B., Wang, M. J., Killackey, E., Glozier, N., … & Harvey, S. B. (2016). Supported employment for people with severe mental illness: systematic review and meta-analysis of the international evidence. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 209(1), 14-22.

Yesufu-Udechuku, A., Harrison, B., Mayo-Wilson, E., Young, N., Woodhams, P., Shiers, D., … & Kendall, T. (2015). Interventions to improve the experience of caring for people with severe mental illness: systematic review and meta-analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 206(4), 268-274.

Powell, B. J., Proctor, E. K., & Glass, J. E. (2014). A systematic review of strategies for implementing empirically supported mental health interventions. Research on social work practice, 24(2), 192-212.

Dale, H., Brassington, L., & King, K. (2014). The impact of healthy lifestyle interventions on mental health and wellbeing: a systematic review. Mental Health Review Journal.

Happell, B., Davies, C., & Scott, D. (2012). Health behaviour interventions to improve physical health in individuals diagnosed with a mental illness: A systematic review. International journal of mental health nursing, 21(3), 236-247.

Physical activity

Lederman, O., Ward, P. B., Firth, J., Maloney, C., Carney, R., Vancampfort, D., … & Rosenbaum, S. (2019). Does exercise improve sleep quality in individuals with mental illness? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of psychiatric research, 109, 96-106.

Rosenbaum, S., Tiedemann, A., Sherrington, C., Curtis, J., & Ward, P. B. (2014). Physical activity interventions for people with mental illness: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Journal of clinical psychiatry, 75(9), 0-0.


Booth, A., Scantlebury, A., Hughes-Morley, A., Mitchell, N., Wright, K., Scott, W., & McDaid, C. (2017). Mental health training programmes for non-mental health trained professionals coming into contact with people with mental ill health: a systematic review of effectiveness. BMC psychiatry, 17(1), 1-24.

Loneliness and social factors

Flores, E. C., Fuhr, D. C., Bayer, A. M., Lescano, A. G., Thorogood, N., & Simms, V. (2018). Mental health impact of social capital interventions: a systematic review. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 53(2), 107-119.

Wang, J., Mann, F., Lloyd-Evans, B., Ma, R., & Johnson, S. (2018). Associations between loneliness and perceived social support and outcomes of mental health problems: a systematic review. BMC psychiatry, 18(1), 1-16.

Anderson, K., Laxhman, N., & Priebe, S. (2015). Can mental health interventions change social networks? A systematic review. BMC psychiatry, 15(1), 1-8.

Leamy, M., Bird, V., Le Boutillier, C., Williams, J., & Slade, M. (2011). Conceptual framework for personal recovery in mental health: systematic review and narrative synthesis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 199(6), 445-452.

Younger people

Das, J. K., Salam, R. A., Lassi, Z. S., Khan, M. N., Mahmood, W., Patel, V., & Bhutta, Z. A. (2016). Interventions for adolescent mental health: an overview of systematic reviews. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(4), S49-S60.

Lubans, D., Richards, J., Hillman, C., Faulkner, G., Beauchamp, M., Nilsson, M., … & Biddle, S. (2016). Physical activity for cognitive and mental health in youth: a systematic review of mechanisms. Pediatrics, 138(3).


Smith, M. S., Lawrence, V., Sadler, E., & Easter, A. (2019). Barriers to accessing mental health services for women with perinatal mental illness: systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative studies in the UK. BMJ open, 9(1), e024803.

Alderdice, F., McNeill, J., & Lynn, F. (2013). A systematic review of systematic reviews of interventions to improve maternal mental health and well-being. Midwifery, 29(4), 389-399.

Primary Studies

Allen, J., Balfour, R., Bell, R., & Marmot, M. (2014). Social determinants of mental health. International review of psychiatry, 26(4), 392-407.


Barry, M. M., Clarke, A. M., Petersen, I., & Jenkins, R. (Eds.). (2019). Implementing mental health promotion. Springer Nature.

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