Health inequalities

On these pages you can find evidence and resources relating to health inequalities.

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NHS Definitions of Health Inequalties

Kings Fund (2020) What are health inequalties?

The Health Foundation’s evdeince hub on Health Inequalties

PHE’s (2021) Inequalties fingertips tool


Marmot, M. (2021) Health Equity in England: The Marmot Review 10 Years On. The Health Foundation

ONS (2021) Health Inequalties

Fisher, R., Dunn, P., Asaria, M., & Thorlby, R. (2020). Level or not? Comparing general practice in areas of high and low socioeconomic deprivation in England.

Elwell-Sutton, T., Tinson, A., Greszczuk, C., Finch, D., Holt-White, E., Everest, G., … & Bibby, J. (2019). Creating healthy lives. Health Foundation.

Connonly, A., Baker, A., & Fellows, C. (2017). Understanding health inequalities in England. Public Health Matters Public Health England.

Allen, J., & Balfour, R. (2014). Natural solutions for tackling health inequalities. London: UCL Institute of Health Equity (http://www. instituteofhealthequity. org/resources-reports/natural-solutions-to-tackling-health-inequalities, accessed 25 February 2019).

Systematic reviews

Albert-Ballestar, S., & García-Altés, A. (2021). Measuring health inequalities: a systematic review of widely used indicators and topics. International Journal for Equity in Health, 20(1), 1-15.

Dieker, A. C., IJzelenberg, W., Proper, K. I., Burdorf, A., Ket, J. L., van der Beek, A. J., & Hulsegge, G. (2019). The contribution of work and lifestyle factors to socioeconomic inequalities in self-rated health-a systematic review. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 45(2), 114-125.

McAllister, A., Fritzell, S., Almroth, M., Harber-Aschan, L., Larsson, S., & Burström, B. (2018). How do macro-level structural determinants affect inequalities in mental health?–a systematic review of the literature. International journal for equity in health, 17(1), 1-14.

Thomson, K., Hillier-Brown, F., Todd, A., McNamara, C., Huijts, T., & Bambra, C. (2018). The effects of public health policies on health inequalities in high-income countries: an umbrella review. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 1-21.

Lago, S., Cantarero, D., Rivera, B., Pascual, M., Blázquez-Fernández, C., Casal, B., & Reyes, F. (2018). Socioeconomic status, health inequalities and non-communicable diseases: a systematic review. Journal of Public Health, 26(1), 1-14.

Moor, I., Spallek, J., & Richter, M. (2017). Explaining socioeconomic inequalities in self-rated health: a systematic review of the relative contribution of material, psychosocial and behavioural factors. J Epidemiol Community Health, 71(6), 565-575.

Durand, M. A., Carpenter, L., Dolan, H., Bravo, P., Mann, M., Bunn, F., & Elwyn, G. (2014). Do interventions designed to support shared decision-making reduce health inequalities? A systematic review and meta-analysis. PloS one, 9(4), e94670.

Lorenc, T., Petticrew, M., Welch, V., & Tugwell, P. (2013). What types of interventions generate inequalities? Evidence from systematic reviews. J Epidemiol Community Health, 67(2), 190-193.

Uphoff, E. P., Pickett, K. E., Cabieses, B., Small, N., & Wright, J. (2013). A systematic review of the relationships between social capital and socioeconomic inequalities in health: a contribution to understanding the psychosocial pathway of health inequalities. International journal for equity in health, 12(1), 1-12.

Bambra, C., Gibson, M., Sowden, A., Wright, K., Whitehead, M., & Petticrew, M. (2010). Tackling the wider social determinants of health and health inequalities: evidence from systematic reviews. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 64(4), 284-291.

Egan, M., Tannahill, C., Petticrew, M., & Thomas, S. (2008). Psychosocial risk factors in home and community settings and their associations with population health and health inequalities: a systematic meta-review. BMC public health, 8(1), 1-13.

O’Dwyer, L. A., Baum, F., Kavanagh, A., & Macdougall, C. (2007). Do area-based interventions to reduce health inequalities work? A systematic review of evidence. Critical Public Health, 17(4), 317-335.

Primary papers

Gibson, K., Pollard, T. M., & Moffatt, S. (2021). Social prescribing and classed inequality: A journey of upward health mobility?. Social Science & Medicine, 280, 114037.

McCartney, G., Popham, F., McMaster, R., & Cumbers, A. (2019). Defining health and health inequalities. Public health, 172, 22-30.

Abdallah, S., Wheatley, H., & Quick, A. (2017). Drivers of wellbeing inequality: Inequalities in life satisfaction across local authorities in Great Britain. What Works Wellbeing

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